ROMANS Chapter 9:
1-5 Something very troubling appears to have befallen Paul's kinsman and the apostle pours forth heart-felt emotion as he reflects upon Israel’s corporate election and their unique, eight-fold inheritance (verses 4-5).
6-9 For consolation, he explains that individual election has occurred within the sphere of Israel's corporate election.
10-14 All (both Jew and Gentile) must understand that the basis of all election lies with God, not man. It is not based on "doing anything good or bad," from a human perspective, nor is it based on "works". Further, God is not unjust in this matter.
15-18 The basis for election includes the display of God’s attributes of "mercy", "compassion", "power", "glory", and "wisdom" -- cf. 1 Corinthians 1:18-31. Election has nothing to do with human "desire or effort", and everything to do with God’s attribute of mercy.
19-24 Does sovereign election and man's lack of free will undermine human responsibility? No! In spite of men's feeble attempts to rationalize, the Holy Spirit speaking through Paul says, "No!" Men have volition and are active participants in the drama of God's provision of redemption.
25-29 The Jews had played the 'race card', and God used it against them. Israel, God's elect Nation, is set aside. Corporate plus individual election, not racial ethnicity and works, is the basis for salvation of either Jew or non-Jew.
30-33 Paul now reiterates some key concepts which he developed in earlier chapters and will touch upon again in chapters 10 and 11:
a. Righteousness is based on individual sovereign election, (God's mercy and grace the cause), and is appropriated by means of personal faith, not human works.
b. The Jewish nation's corporate election did not guarantee individual righteousness and a majority of the Israelites missed this truth. This occurred in fulfillment of the prophetic Word.
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