Old Major: Old Major is an old boar on the farm, with similarities to Karl Marx, since he lays down the foundations for leadership, much like The Communist Manifesto did in the real world. Major shares the revolutionary song "Beasts of England" with the farm and they begin to use it as their anthem. he also represents Lenin, as he dies before the Revolution is fully completed.
“Is it not crystal clear, then, comrades, that the evils of this life of ours spring from the tyranny of human beings?”
“Man serves the interests of no creature except himself.”
Old Major: The prize-winning boar whose vision of a socialist utopia serves as the inspiration for the Rebellion. Three days after describing the vision and teaching the animals the song “Beasts of England,” Major dies, leaving Snowball and Napoleon to struggle for control of his legacy. Orwell based Major on both the German political economist Karl Marx and the Russian revolutionary leader Vladimir Ilych Lenin.
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