Covering the significant phases of this era, Professor Hicks deals in a clear, concise narrative with one of recent history's most interesting periods. These were years that began with economic confidence, gaiety and idealism; the United States was a world power; both natural and human...
Calvin Coolidge: (1872-1933) 30th President of the United States (1923–1929). A Republican lawyer from Vermont, Coolidge worked his way up the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor of that state. His conduct during the Boston Police Strike of 1919 thrust him into the national spotlight and gave him a reputation as a man of decisive action. Soon after, he was elected as the 29th Vice President in 1920 and succeeded to the Presidency upon the sudden death of Warren G. Harding in 1923. Elected in his own right in 1924, he gained a reputation as a small-government conservative, and also as a man who said very little.
Edward L. Doheny: (1856-1935) American oil tycoon, who in 1892, along with business partner Charles A. Canfield, drilled the first successful oil well in the Los Angeles City Oil Field, setting off the petroleum boom in Southern California. During the administration of President Warren G. Harding, Doheny was implicated in the Teapot Dome Scandal and was accused of offering a $100,000 bribe to Secretary of the Interior Albert Fall in order to secure drilling rights without competitive bidding to the Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve in central California. He was twice acquitted of offering the bribe that Fall was convicted of accepting.
Albert B. Fall: (1861-1944) American Senator from New Mexico and the Secretary of the Interior under President Warren G. Harding, infamous for his involvement in the Teapot Dome scandal.
Warren G. Harding: (1865-1923) 29th President of the United States (1921–1923), a Republican from Ohio who served in the Ohio Senate and then in the United States Senate where he protected alcohol interests and moderately supported women's suffrage. He was the first incumbent U.S. senator and (self-made) newspaper publisher to be elected U.S. president.
Herbert Hoover: (1874-1964) 31st President of the United States (1929–1933). Hoover, born to a Quaker family, was a professional mining engineer. He achieved American and international prominence in humanitarian relief efforts in war-torn Belgium and served as head of the U.S. Food Administration before and during World War I. As the United States Secretary of Commerce in the 1920s under Presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge, he promoted partnerships between government and business under the rubric "economic modernization". In the presidential election of 1928, Hoover easily won the Republican nomination, despite having no elected-office experience. Hoover is the most recent cabinet secretary to be elected President of the United States, as well as one of only two Presidents (along with William Howard Taft) elected without electoral experience or high military rank.
Charles Evans Hughes: (1862-1948) American statesman, lawyer and Republican politician from New York. He served as the 36th Governor of New York (1907–1910), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1910–1916), United States Secretary of State (1921–1925), a judge on the Court of International Justice (1928–1930), and the 11th Chief Justice of the United States (1930–1941). He was the Republican candidate in the 1916 U.S. Presidential election, losing narrowly to Woodrow Wilson.
Hiram Johnson: (1866-1945) American progressive and isolationist politician from California; he served as the 23rd governor from 1911 to 1917, and as a United States Senator from 1917 to 1945. He was Theodore Roosevelt's running mate in the 1912 presidential election on the Progressive ticket.
Robert M. La Follette: (1855-1925) American politician. He served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, was the Governor of Wisconsin, and was also a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin (1906 to 1925). He ran for President of the United States as the nominee of his own Progressive Party in 1924, carrying Wisconsin and 17% of the national popular vote.
Henry Cabot Lodge: (1850-1924) American Senator and historian from Massachusetts. He was also a friend and confidant of Theodore Roosevelt. He had the role (but not the title) of Senate Majority leader. He is best known for his positions on foreign policy, especially his battle with President Woodrow Wilson in 1919 over the Treaty of Versailles. Lodge demanded Congressional control of declarations of war; Wilson refused and the United States Senate never ratified the Treaty nor joined the League of Nations.
Dwight Morrow: (1873-1931) American businessman, politician, and diplomat. As U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, Morrow was instrumental in bringing U.S. State Department aid in the form of armaments and aircraft to assist the anti-Church government of Mexican President Plutarco Elías Calles which helped end the Cristero War of 1926 to 1929.
Al Smith: (1873-1944) American politician who was elected Governor of New York four times and was the Democratic U.S. presidential candidate in 1928. He was the foremost urban leader of the efficiency-oriented Progressive Movement and was noted for achieving a wide range of reforms as governor in the 1920s. He was also linked to the notorious Tammany Hall machine that controlled Manhattan politics; was a strong opponent of Prohibition and was the first Roman Catholic nominee for President. His candidacy mobilized Catholic votes—especially women who previously had not voted. It also mobilized the anti-Catholic vote, which was strongest in the South.
Woodrow Wilson: (1856-1924) 28th President of the United States, in office from 1913 to 1921. A leader of the Progressive Movement, he served as President of Princeton University from 1902 to 1910, and then as the Governor of New Jersey from 1911 to 1913. Running against Republican incumbent William Howard Taft, Socialist Party of America candidate Eugene V. Debs, and former President Progressive ("Bull Moose") Party candidate Theodore Roosevelt, Wilson was elected President as a Democrat in 1912.
Thomas J. Walsh: A Democrat, he was a United States Senator from Montana from 1913 until 1933.
William E. Borah: A Republican, he was a United States Senator from Idaho from 1907 until 1940.
AMERICANS of the early 1920's who reflected on the population statistics reveaed by the Fouteenth Census found in these figures ample evidence that the United States as a nation had at last achieved maturity.
Editors' Introduction Preface 1. The State of the Union 2. The Retreat to Isolation 3. What Price Normalcy? 4. The Progressive Protest 5. Prosperity Plus 6. The Diplomacy of Isolation 7. The Other Americas 8. Social Insecurity 9. Agriculture vs. Industry 10. Hoover Takes Over 11. Depression Diplomacy 12. The Years of the Locust Bibliographical Essay Index
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