The Bear edited the characters of American Commando: Evans Carlson, His WW II Marine Raiders, and America's First Special Forcecs Mission Thursday, March 31, 2011.
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- Edited the description of Evans Carlson: Evans Carlson was born February 26 1896 in Sidney, New York. Carlson started his military service in the US Army in 1912. He get out of the Army in 1916 as a First Sergeant. Within a year, he was back in the Army and deployed during the Mexican Punitive Expedition. He stayed in the Army through World War I and received a Wound Chevron (now the Purple Heart) for injuries sustained in France. In 1917 Carlson was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant. He left the Army in 1921. In1922 Carlson enlisted in the United States Marine Corps. In 1923 he was commissioned a Second Lieutenant. While in the Marines, Carlson deployed to Nicaragua where he received the Navy Cross, the nations second highest award for valor in combat. In 1933 upon returning to the US he served as the Executive Officer of Warm Springs, Colorado, President Roosevelt's vacation home. There he became close friends with both the President and his son, James.Following Warm Springs Carlson was posted in Shanghai, China with the 4th Marines.There he learned the Chinese language. On his second trip to China he served as a observer of the Chinese military. There he learned many military and command tactics that would become the base of his command philosophy in the Marine Corps. In 1938 Carlson left the Marine Corps to write about how he admired both the Chinese and Japanese. In 1941 when war was on the horizon he reapplied for his commission in the Marines.In 1942 Carlson created the 2d Marine Raider Battalion. The Raiders primary goals as a unit was to perfom quick island raids in the pacific to disrupt Japanese supply chains. Carlson modeled the Raiders after Communist guerilla forces he observed in China. He had a unique command philosophy in which he expected the officers not only to lead men, but to do the same things the men are doing. Carlson often embraced this idea himself. In his unit, he even reorganized the squad structure and varied from the Marine Corps squad structure. Carlson and the 2d Raider Battalion were made famous for their famous Makin Island Raid. Makin was the first engagement that the US claimed as a military victory in the Pacific. His book describes in detail what
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