The Gulag--a vast array of Soviet concentration camps that held millions of political and criminal prisoners--was a system of repression and punishment that terrorized the entire society, embodying the worst tendencies of Soviet communism. In this magisterial and acclaimed history, Anne... read more
Part 1 - The Origins of the Gulag, 1917 - 1939
1 - Bolshevike Beginnings
2 - 'The First Camp of the Gulag'
3 - 1929: The Great Turning Point
4 - The white sea Canal
5 - The Great Terror and Its Aftermath
Part 2 - Life and Work in the Camps
7 - Arrest
8 - Prison
9 - Transport, Arrival, Selection
10 - Life in the Camps
11 - Work in the Camps
12 - Punishment and Reward
13 - The Guards
14 - The Prisoners
15 - Women and Children
16 - The Dying
17 - Strategies of Survival
18 - Rebellion and Escape
Part 3 - The Rise and Fall of the Camp-Industrial Complex, 1940 - 1986
19 - The War Begins
20 - 'Strangers'
21 - Amnesty - and Afterwards
22 - The Zenith of the camp-Industrial Complex
23 - The Death of Stalin
24 - The Zeks' Revolution
25 - Thaw - and Release
26 - The Era of the Dissidents
27 - The 1980s: Smashing Statues
Appendix: How Many?
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