“Our knowledge in all these enquiries reaches very little farther than our experience.”This quotation expresses Locke's estimation of the capacity for human knowledge.
“Thus we may conceive how words, which were by nature so well adapted to that purpose, came to be made use of by men, as the signs of their ideas.”This is a concise statement of Locke's theory of meaning.
“For I imagine anyone would easily grant, that it would be impertinent to suppose, the ideas of colors innate in a creature, to whom God had given sight, and a power to receive them by the eyes from external objects: and no less unreasonable would it be to attribute several truths, to the impressions of nature, and innate characters, when we may observe in ourselves faculties, fit to attain as easy and certain knowledge of them, as if they were originally imprinted on the mind.”This statement neatly sums up Locke's entire purpose in the lengthy Book II, though it is made at the very start of Book I.
“Let us suppose the mind to be, as we say, white paper, void of all characters.”This is the well-known "tabula rasa" passage. It is probably the most famous statement of the empiricist position.
“Pound an almond and the clear white color will be altered to a dirty one and the sweet taste into an oily one. What real alteration can the beating of a pestle make in any body, but an alteration of the texture of it?”This is one of Locke's most famous thought experiments.
a thinking intelligent being, that has reason and reflection, and can consider itself as itself, the same thinking thing, in different times and places;Highlighted by 8 Kindle customers
For to imprint anything on the mind without the mind's perceiving it, seems to me hardly intelligible. If therefore children and idiots have souls, have minds, with those impressions upon them, they must unavoidably perceive them, and necessarily know and assent to these truths; which since they do not, it is evident that there are no such impressions.Highlighted by 6 Kindle customers
For, it being the same consciousness that makes a man be himself to himself, personal identity depends on that only, whether it be annexed solely to one individual substance, or can be continued in a succession of several substances.Highlighted by 4 Kindle customers
If the soul doth think in a sleeping man without being conscious of it, I ask whether, during such thinking, it has any pleasure or pain, or be capable of happiness or misery? I am sure the man is not; no more than the bed or earth he lies on. For to be happy or miserable without being conscious of it, seems to me utterly inconsistent and impossible.Highlighted by 4 Kindle customers
That which thus hinders the approach of two bodies, when they are moved one towards another, I call solidity.Highlighted by 4 Kindle customers
men, barely by the use of their natural faculties, may attain to all the knowledge they have, without the help of any innate impressions; and may arrive at certainty, without any such original notions or principles.Highlighted by 4 Kindle customers
If we will disbelieve everything, because we cannot certainly know all things, we shall do much what as wisely as he who would not use his legs, but sit still and perish, because he had no wings to fly.Highlighted by 4 Kindle customers
Our business here is not to know all things, but those which concern our conduct. If we can find out those measures, whereby a rational creature, put in that state in which man is in this world, may and ought to govern his opinions, and actions depending thereon, we need not to be troubled that some other things escape our knowledge.Highlighted by 3 Kindle customers
Justice and truth are the common ties of society; and therefore even outlaws and robbers, who break with all the world besides, must keep faith and rules of equity amongst themselves; or else they cannot hold together. But will any one say, that those that live by fraud or rapine have innate principles of truth and justice which they allow and assent to?Highlighted by 3 Kindle customers
So that the truth of all these moral rules plainly depends upon some other antecedent to them, and from which they must be deduced; which could not be if either they were innate or so much as self-evident.Highlighted by 3 Kindle customers
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