Lewis B changed Saint Augustine of Hippo's author image Sunday, June 9, 2013.
Lewis B edited the overview of Saint Augustine of Hippo Sunday, June 9, 2013.
Augustine of Hippo (Latin: Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis) 13 November 354 – 28 August 430, also known as St Augustine, St Austin, or St Augoustinos, was an early Christian theologian whose writings are considered very influential in the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. He was bishop of Hippo Regius (present-day Annaba, Algeria) located in the Roman province of Africa. Writing during the Patristic Era, he is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers. Among his most important works are City of God and Confessions, which continue to be read widely today.
According to his contemporary, Jerome, Augustine "established anew the ancient Faith." In his early years, he was heavily influenced by Manichaeism and afterwards by the Neo-Platonism of Plotinus. After his conversion to Christianity and his baptism in 387, Augustine developed his own approach to philosophy and theology, accommodating a variety of methods and different perspectives. He believed that the grace of Christ was indispensable to human freedom and he framed the concepts of original sin and just war.
When the Western Roman Empire began to disintegrate, Augustine developed the concept of the Catholic Church as a spiritual City of God (in a book of the same name), distinct from the material Earthly City. His thoughts profoundly influenced the medieval world-view. Augustine's City of God was closely identified with the segment of the Church that adhered to the concept of the Trinity as defined by the Council of Nicaea and the Council of Constantinople.
In the Catholic Church and the Anglican Communion, he is a saint, pre-eminent Doctor of the Church, and the patron of the Augustinians. His memorial is celebrated 28 August, the day of his death. He is the patron saint of brewers, printers, theologians, the alleviation of sore eyes, and a number of cities and dioceses. Many Protestants, especially Calvinists, consider him to be one of the theological fathers of the Protestant Reformation due to his teachings on salvation and divine grace. In the Eastern Orthodox Church, he is also considered a saint, his feast day being celebrated on 15 June. He carries the additional title of Blessed among the Orthodox, either as "Blessed Augustine" or "St. Augustine the Blessed."
Lewis B edited the bio of Saint Augustine of Hippo Sunday, June 9, 2013.
Lewis B edited the summary of Saint Augustine of Hippo Sunday, June 9, 2013.
Punxsutawney Paul approved Christina F’s request to combine 4 contributors, including Saint Augustine of Hippo, Sunday, November 27, 2011.
Christina F submitted a request to combine 4 contributors, including Saint Augustine of Hippo, Monday, November 14, 2011.
A edited the summary of Saint Augustine of Hippo Saturday, January 22, 2011.
Rando Calrissian approved priya g’s request to combine 2 contributors, including Saint Augustine of Hippo, Thursday, October 14, 2010.
priya g submitted a request to combine 2 contributors, including Saint Augustine of Hippo, Sunday, September 26, 2010.
Timothy Gray approved Amber J’s request to change the name of Saint Augustine of Hippo Wednesday, August 4, 2010.